BRIAN 11.3 -- Windows

The Early Years (1936-1943)

by Jordan Taylor & G.E. Hewitt

Page generated on 1/1/24


Nat King Cole
Introduction

This section includes all of Cole's commercial recordings prior to the start of his tenure with Capitol Records in late 1943. In addition to Nat's one-off 1936 Decca session with his older brother Eddie, Cole, together with his trio, also recorded for Decca (1940-1941), Excelsior (1943), and Premier (1943) during this period. A handful of sessions also found Cole—sometimes in the company of his trio—partnering with jazz heavyweights such as Lionel Hampton (1940), Lester Young (1942), and Dexter Gordon (1943). In all, over the course of 12 sessions, Cole produced 52 extant commercial recordings during these years. (Photo: the original King Cole Trio—Wesley Prince, Nat Cole, and Oscar Moore—in Chicago, March 1941.)


Date: July 28, 1936
Location: Decca Studios, 666 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago
Label: Decca

Eddie Cole (v, b), Tommy Thompson (as), Bill Wright (ts), Kenneth Roane (t), Nat Cole (p), Jimmy Adams (d)

a. 90806-Aalt Honey Hush(Nat Cole) - 2:51
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
b. 90806-B Honey Hush(Nat Cole) - 2:47
Decca 787210 — Thunder / Honey Hush   (1936)
c. 90809-A Thunder(Nat Cole) - 2:41
Decca 787210 — Thunder / Honey Hush   (1936)
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
d. 90807-A Stompin' At The Panama (Skoller's Shuffle)(Nat Cole) - 2:53
Decca 787215 — Bedtime (Sleepy Moan) / Stompin' At The Panama (Skoller's Shuffle)   (1936)
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
e. 90808-A Bedtime (Sleepy Moan)(Nat Cole) - 2:47
Decca 787215 — Bedtime (Sleepy Moan) / Stompin' At The Panama (Skoller's Shuffle)   (1936)
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
All titles on:
MCA/GRP CDGRD-662 — Hit That Jive, Jack   (1996)
Hip-O Select CD Box13384-02 — Riffin': The Decca, JATP, Keynote And Mercury Recordings   (2010)
Resonance LP/CD BoxHLP 9042/HCD 2042 — Hittin' The Ramp: The Early Years (1936-1943)   (2019)

Label Credit

The group was credited as "Eddie Cole's Solid Swingers" on the original issues.

Song Titles

Titles are as they appear on the original 78s. Later issues print titles as "Stompin' At The Panama" and "(Bedtime) Sleep, Baby, Sleep".


Date: May 10, 1940
Location: RCA Victor Studios, 1016 N. Sycamore Avenue, Hollywood
Label: Victor

Harry Meyerson (pro), Helen Forrest (v), Lionel Hampton (vib, p, d), Nat Cole (p), Oscar Moore (g), Wesley Prince (b), Al Spieldock (d)

a. PBS049674-1 House Of Morgan(Lionel Hampton) - 3:08
Victor 7826751 — House Of Morgan / I'd Be Lost Without You   (1940)
RCA LP 10"LPT 3 — Small Combo Hits   (1951)
La Voix De Son Maître (FR) LP 10"FOLP 8003 — Lionel Hampton And His Orchestra   (1954)
Jazztone LPJ 1246 — Lionel Hampton's All Star Groups   (1956)
b. PBS049675-1 I'd Be Lost Without You(Lionel Hampton, Tommy Southern) - 2:57
Victor 7826751 — House Of Morgan / I'd Be Lost Without You   (1940)
RCA Victor LPLPM 6702 — Ten Great Bands   (1955)
c. PBS049676-1 Central Avenue Breakdown(Lionel Hampton) - 3:00
Victor 7826652 — Jack The Bellboy / Central Avenue Breakdown   (1940)
La Voix De Son Maître (FR) LP 10"FOLP 8003 — Lionel Hampton And His Orchestra   (1954)
RCA Victor LPLPM 2318 — Swing Classics   (1961)
d. PBS049677-1 Jack The Bellboy(Lionel Hampton) - 2:50
Victor 7826652 — Jack The Bellboy / Central Avenue Breakdown   (1940)
RCA Victor LPLPM 2318 — Swing Classics   (1961)
All titles on:
RCA LPJPM6-8272 — All-Star Sessions   (1975)
Bluebird CD66039-2 — Tempo And Swing (The All-Star Groups Vol. 3, 1939-40)   (1992)
Mosaic CD BoxMD5-238 — The Complete Lionel Hampton Victor Sessions 1937-1941   (2007)

Helen Forrest (v) on b; Lionel Hampton (vib) on a-b, (p) on c, (d) on d; Al Spieldock (d) on a-c.


Date: July 17, 1940
Location: RCA Victor Studios, 1016 N. Sycamore Avenue, Hollywood
Label: Victor

Harry Meyerson (pro), Nat Cole (v, p), Helen Forrest (v), Lionel Hampton (v, vib), Oscar Moore (v, g), Wesley Prince (b), Al Spieldock (d)

a. PBS049932-1 Dough-Ra-Me(Lionel Hampton, Nat Cole, Tommy Southern) - 3:04
Victor 7826696 — Dough-Ra-Me / I Don't Stand A Ghost Of A Chance With You   (1940)
Jazztone LPJ 1246 — Lionel Hampton's All Star Groups   (1956)
Bluebird CD66039-2 — Tempo And Swing (The All-Star Groups Vol. 3, 1939-40)   (1992)
b. PBS049932-2alt Dough-Ra-Me(Lionel Hampton, Nat Cole, Tommy Southern) - 2:57
c. PBS049933-1 Jivin' With Jarvis(Lionel Hampton) - 2:36
RCA Victor 78 AlbumHJ 10 — Esquire's All American Hot Jazz, Volume 2   (1947)
Jazztone LPJ 1246 — Lionel Hampton's All Star Groups   (1956)
RCA Victor LPLPM 2318 — Swing Classics   (1961)
Bluebird CD66039-2 — Tempo And Swing (The All-Star Groups Vol. 3, 1939-40)   (1992)
d. PBS049934-1 Blue Because Of You(Charlie Carpenter, Louis Dunlap, Quinn Wilson) - 2:55
RCA Camden LPCAL 517 — Open House   (1959)
Bluebird CD66039-2 — Tempo And Swing (The All-Star Groups Vol. 3, 1939-40)   (1992)
e. PBS049935-1 I Don't Stand A Ghost Of A Chance(Victor Young, Ned Washington, Bing Crosby) - 2:53
Victor 7826696 — Dough-Ra-Me / I Don't Stand A Ghost Of A Chance With You   (1940)
RCA Victor LPLPM 6702 — Ten Great Bands   (1955)
All titles on:
RCA LPJPM6-8272 — All-Star Sessions   (1975)
Mosaic CD BoxMD5-238 — The Complete Lionel Hampton Victor Sessions 1937-1941   (2007)

Nat Cole (v) on a-c; Helen Forrest (v) on e; Lionel Hampton (v) on c; Oscar Moore (v) on a-c.


Date: December 6, 1940
Location: Decca Studios, 5505 Melrose Avenue, Hollywood
Label: Decca

Nat Cole (v, p), Oscar Moore (v, g), Wesley Prince (v, b), Johnny Moore (g)

a. DLA 2255A Sweet Lorraine(Mitchell Parish, Cliff Burwell) - 2:50
Decca 788520 — Sweet Lorraine / This Side Up   (1941)
Brunswick 7880129 — Sweet Lorraine / Slow Down   (1949)
MCA/GRP CDGRD-662 — Hit That Jive, Jack   (1996)
Hip-O Select CD Box13384-02 — Riffin': The Decca, JATP, Keynote And Mercury Recordings   (2010)
b. DLA 2255Balt Sweet Lorraine(Mitchell Parish, Cliff Burwell) - 2:53
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
Coral LPCRL 57040 — Night Out Music For Stay-At-Homes   (1956)
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
MCA CDMCAD-42350 — Hit That Jive, Jack: The Earliest Recordings 1940-41   (1990)
LaserLight CD Box15 915 — Nat King Cole: The Trio Recordings   (1991)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
c. DLA 2256A Honeysuckle Rose(Thomas 'Fats' Waller, Andy Razaf) - 2:28
Decca 788535 — Honeysuckle Rose / Gone With The Draft   (1941)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
d. DLA 2257A Gone With The Draft(Earl Dramin, Wesley Prince, Nat Cole) - 2:38
Decca 788535 — Honeysuckle Rose / Gone With The Draft   (1941)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
MCA CDMCAD-42350 — Hit That Jive, Jack: The Earliest Recordings 1940-41   (1990)
e. DLA 2257Balt Gone With The Draft(Earl Dramin, Wesley Prince, Nat Cole) - 2:39
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
MCA/GRP CDGRD-662 — Hit That Jive, Jack   (1996)
Hip-O Select CD Box13384-02 — Riffin': The Decca, JATP, Keynote And Mercury Recordings   (2010)
f. DLA 2258A This Side Up(Nat Cole) - 2:44
Decca 788520 — Sweet Lorraine / This Side Up   (1941)
Decca 7825108 — This Will Make You Laugh / This Side Up   (1947)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
All titles on:
Resonance LP/CD BoxHLP 9042/HCD 2042 — Hittin' The Ramp: The Early Years (1936-1943)   (2019)

Nat Cole (v) on a-b, d-e, (p) on a-b, d-e; Oscar Moore (v) on d-e, (g) on a-b, d-e; Wesley Prince (v) on d-e, (b) on a-b, d-e.

Personnel

A second guitarist (playing rhythm) is audible during Oscar Moore's solos. Klaus Teubig does not identify the player, although Michel Ruppli claims it is Johnny Moore, Oscar's brother. Guitarist and Oscar Moore authority Nick Rossi also believes it is Johnny Moore.

Location

The location given is tentative, but it is plausible when one considers the February 1940 session.


Date: March 14, 1941
Location: Decca Studios, 666 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago
Label: Decca

Nat Cole (v, p), Oscar Moore (v, g), Wesley Prince (v, b)

a. C93596-A Babs(Fred E. Ahlert, Joe Young) - 2:20
Decca 788541 — Babs / Early Morning Blues   (1941)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
LaserLight CD Box15 915 — Nat King Cole: The Trio Recordings   (1991)
b. C93597-A Scotchin' With The Soda(W. Jack Riley) - 2:26
Decca 788556 — Slow Down / Scotchin' With The Soda   (1941)
Decca 7825109 — That Ain't Right / Scotchin' With The Soda   (1947)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
c. C93598-A Slow Down(Redd Evans) - 3:06
Decca 788556 — Slow Down / Scotchin' With The Soda   (1941)
Brunswick 7880129 — Sweet Lorraine / Slow Down   (1949)
Coral LPCRL 57040 — Night Out Music For Stay-At-Homes   (1956)
d. C93599-A Early Morning Blues(Nat Cole) - 2:40
Decca 788541 — Babs / Early Morning Blues   (1941)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
LaserLight CD Box15 915 — Nat King Cole: The Trio Recordings   (1991)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
All titles on:
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
MCA CDMCAD-42350 — Hit That Jive, Jack: The Earliest Recordings 1940-41   (1990)
MCA/GRP CDGRD-662 — Hit That Jive, Jack   (1996)
Hip-O Select CD Box13384-02 — Riffin': The Decca, JATP, Keynote And Mercury Recordings   (2010)
Resonance LP/CD BoxHLP 9042/HCD 2042 — Hittin' The Ramp: The Early Years (1936-1943)   (2019)

Nat Cole (v) on a-c; Oscar Moore (v) on a-b; Wesley Prince (v) on a-b.


Date: April or May 1941
Location: Washington D.C.

Nat Cole (v, p), Oscar Moore (v, g), Wesley Prince (v, b), Al Spieldock (d)

a. #1 The Romany Room Is Jumpin'(Nat Cole) - 2:30
b. #2 The Romany Room Is Jumpin'(Nat Cole) - 2:30
Both titles on:
Resonance LP/CD BoxHLP 9042/HCD 2042 — Hittin' The Ramp: The Early Years (1936-1943)   (2019)

In spring 1941, the King Cole Trio performed at Paul Young's Romany Room in DC, sharing a bill with a band led by drummer Al Spieldock. While the trio was appearing at the club, Young's wife gave birth to a seven pound baby boy. To commemorate the occasion, the trio, with Spieldock on drums, cut a double-sided acetate of this song as a gift for Young and his wife. Nearly seventy years later, following the death of the 'baby boy' mentioned in the lyrics, Paul Young's grandson discovered the disc in a box of his father's positions. In 2019, both takes were issued for the first time by Resonance Records.


Date: July 16, 1941
Location: Decca Studios, 50 W. 57th Street , New York
Label: Decca

Nat Cole (v, p), Oscar Moore (v, g), Wesley Prince (v, b), Al Spieldock (d)

a. 69504-A This Will Make You Laugh(Irene Higginbotham) - 3:10
Decca 788571 — Hit The Ramp / This Will Make You Laugh   (1941)
Decca 7825108 — This Will Make You Laugh / This Side Up   (1947)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
b. 69505-A Stop! The Red Light's On(Joseph 'Taps' Miller) - 2:32
Decca 788592 — Stop! The Red Light's On / I Like To Riff   (1941)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
c. 69506-A Hit The Ramp(Nat Cole, Oscar Moore) - 3:14
Decca 788571 — Hit The Ramp / This Will Make You Laugh   (1941)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
d. 69507-A I Like To Riff(Nat Cole) - 2:40
Decca 788592 — Stop! The Red Light's On / I Like To Riff   (1941)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
All titles on:
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
MCA CDMCAD-42350 — Hit That Jive, Jack: The Earliest Recordings 1940-41   (1990)
MCA/GRP CDGRD-662 — Hit That Jive, Jack   (1996)
Hip-O Select CD Box13384-02 — Riffin': The Decca, JATP, Keynote And Mercury Recordings   (2010)
Resonance LP/CD BoxHLP 9042/HCD 2042 — Hittin' The Ramp: The Early Years (1936-1943)   (2019)

Nat Cole (v) on a-b, d; Oscar Moore (v) on a-b, d; Wesley Prince (v) on b, d; Al Spieldock (d) on b-d.

Personnel

Possibly produced by Milt Gabler.

Master Numbers

There is some disagreement in various sources regarding this session's master numbers, which may be little more than a typo that has been repeated. Teubig, among others, lists the numbers as they are shown here. Other sources say 60504-60507.


Date: October 22, 1941
Location: Decca Studios, 50 W. 57th Street , New York
Label: Decca

Nat Cole (v, p), Oscar Moore (v, g), Wesley Prince (v, b)

a. 69850-A Call The Police(Nat Cole) - 3:05
Decca 788604 — Call The Police / Are You Fer It?   (1942)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
b. 69851-A Are You Fer It?(Nat Cole, Craig Lee) - 3:04
Decca 788604 — Call The Police / Are You Fer It?   (1942)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
c. 69852-A That Ain't Right(Nat Cole) - 3:10
Decca 788630 — That Ain't Right / Hit That Jive, Jack!   (1942)
Decca 7825109 — That Ain't Right / Scotchin' With The Soda   (1947)
Decca LPDL 8260 — In The Beginning   (1956)
LaserLight CD Box15 915 — Nat King Cole: The Trio Recordings   (1991)
Capitol CD Box5-92055-2 — The Classic Singles   (2003)
d. 69853-A Hit That Jive, Jack!(Cambell 'Skeets' Tolbert, John Alston) - 2:53
Decca 788630 — That Ain't Right / Hit That Jive, Jack!   (1942)
All titles on:
MCA LPMCA2 420 — From The Very Beginning   (1973)
MCA CDMCAD-42350 — Hit That Jive, Jack: The Earliest Recordings 1940-41   (1990)
MCA/GRP CDGRD-662 — Hit That Jive, Jack   (1996)
Hip-O Select CD Box13384-02 — Riffin': The Decca, JATP, Keynote And Mercury Recordings   (2010)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
Resonance LP/CD BoxHLP 9042/HCD 2042 — Hittin' The Ramp: The Early Years (1936-1943)   (2019)

Oscar Moore (v) on a-b, d; Wesley Prince (v) on a-b, d.

Personnel & Location

See notes from previous session.


Date: July 15, 1942
Location: Wallichs Music City, Sunset and Vine Streets, Hollywood
Label: Philo

Lester Young (ts), Nat Cole (p), Red Callender (b)

a. Van 1000 Indiana(James F. Hanley, Ballard MacDonald) - 4:47
b. Van 1001 I Can't Get Started(Vernon Duke, Ira Gershwin) - 4:46
c. Van 1002 Tea For Two(Vincent Youmans, Irving Caesar) - 4:40
d. Van 1003 Body And Soul(Johnny Green, Edward Heyman, Robert Sour, Frank Eyton) - 5:03
All titles on:
Philo 78 AlbumP-1 — Lester Young Trio   (1945)
Aladdin LP 10"705 — Lester Young Trio   (1953)
Score LPSLP 4019 — The King Cole Trio With Lester Young And Red Callender   (1958)

The original Philo album release was a 78 album featuring all four sides. Each record was given its own catalog number:

P1000: Body And Soul / Indiana
P1001: Tea For Two / I Can't Get Started


Date: October 11, 1942
Location: C.P. MacGregor Studios, 729 S. Western Avenue, Hollywood
Label: Excelsior

Robert Scherman (pro), Red Callender (v, b), Nat Cole (v, p), Oscar Moore (v, g)

a. RR 8113-C Vom, Vim, Veedle(Robert Scherman, A. Jaxon) - 2:57
b. RR 8114-C All For You(Robert Scherman) - 3:22
Capitol Jazz CD8-33571-2 — The Best Of The Nat King Cole Trio: The Vocal Classics (1942-46)   (1995)
Capitol CD Box5-92055-2 — The Classic Singles   (2003)
Both titles on:
Excelsior 7800102/00103 — Vom, Vim, Veedle / All For You   (1942)
Capitol 78139 — All For You / Vom, Vim, Veedle   (1943)
Tampa 45TP-134 — All For You / Vom, Vim, Veedle   (1957)

Red Callender (v) on a; Oscar Moore (v) on a.

Personnel, Date & Location

This session is reported as it has appeared in discographies for many years. However, these pieces don't quite fit together, suggesting that some or all of the details may need to be amended.

Red Callender has traditionally been credited as the bassist on this session; he is mentioned at least as early as the September 15, 1943 issue of Down Beat, and Callender himself includes this session in the select discography section in his 1985 autobiography. However, assuming the date of the session is correct (more on that below), it seems highly unlikely that Callender participated. Callender was in the band of Lee and Lester Young when it opened at the Cafe Society in New York on or around September 1, 1942 (some sources suggest the engagement lasted until early February 1943). According to his own account, Callender caught pneumonia while in New York, recuperated there, and then formed a trio of his own, eventually making it back to Los Angeles. While the record is unclear on when exactly he returned to Los Angeles, he was not with the Young brothers for the entire engagement, nor does it seem likely that he would have returned to the west coast by October 11, 1942.

In support of Callender not being on the session, the September 15, 1942 issue of Down Beat mentions that Johnny Miller will soon be taking over in the trio for Wesley Prince. It seems likely that he would have assumed that role by October 11, 1942.

Could Callender have played on the session, but the date is incorrect? Some sources (LA Daily News, November 7, 1942; Down Beat, September 15, 1943) state that these sides were recorded before the ban, which took effect on August 1, 1942. The record appears to have been released in November, with references made on November 7 (LA Daily News), November 14 and 21 (Pittsburgh Courier), and December 1 (Down Beat). The November 7, 1942 Courier article states that Excelsior "pulled a Houdini last week and signed the celebrated King Cole Trio for a series of waxings"; a week later the paper described "overnight popularity" of the recordings.

Could the sides have been recorded, pressed, and released in under a month? And what to make of the suggestions to these being recorded pre-ban? Excelsior's first release (Herb Jeffries) was in stores by late September; the Cole disc was the company's second release. Either the pre-ban references are accurate (if so, where did October 11 come from), or it could be a deliberate attempt by Excelsior to deflect from an otherwise blatant violation of the recording ban.

Finally, the studio used has also come into question. C.P. MacGregor's is traditionally cited as the location for this session, but the "RR" prefix assigned to these would indicate that this session may have been held at Radio Recorders instead. The master prefix/numbers for the Cole sides are very much an outlier compared with other recordings for Excelsior, including the trio’s session for the company the following year.

The master numbers listed here are as they appear in Ruppli's Capitol Label discography and the Mosaic discography. However, there are several variations that appear on numerous pressings, including:

The original Excelsior 78 labels:
RR-8113-G-RE / RR-8114-G-RE

The original Capitol 78 labels:
RR-8113 / RR-8114

On February 16, 1953, Capitol assigned new master numbers to each title: 11133 & 11134, respectively.


Date: March 1, 1943
Location: C.P. MacGregor Studios, 729 S. Western Avenue, Hollywood
Label: Excelsior

Leon Rene (pro), Nat Cole (v, p), Johnny Miller (v, b), Oscar Moore (v, g)

a. AMO-2961 Let's Spring One(Otis René) - 2:39
Excelsior 78MC 106/SC 107 — Beautiful Moons Ago / Let's Spring One   (1944)
Savoy Jazz CDZDS 1205 — Nat King Cole and The King Cole Trio   (1989)
LaserLight CD Box15 915 — Nat King Cole: The Trio Recordings   (1991)
Mosaic LP/CD Box138 — The Complete Capitol Recordings Of The Nat King Cole Trio   (1991)
Naxos Jazz Legends (EU) CD8.120727 — King Cole Trio Transcriptions, Vol. 6: 1941-1943   (2004)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
b. AMO-2962 Beautiful Moons Ago(Oscar Moore, Nat Cole) - 2:22
Excelsior 78MC 106/SC 107 — Beautiful Moons Ago / Let's Spring One   (1944)
Savoy Jazz CDZDS 1205 — Nat King Cole and The King Cole Trio   (1989)
LaserLight CD Box15 915 — Nat King Cole: The Trio Recordings   (1991)
Mosaic LP/CD Box138 — The Complete Capitol Recordings Of The Nat King Cole Trio   (1991)
Naxos Jazz Legends (EU) CD8.120727 — King Cole Trio Transcriptions, Vol. 6: 1941-1943   (2004)
c. AMO-2962alt Beautiful Moons Ago(Oscar Moore, Nat Cole) - 3:33
d. AMO-2963 Pitchin' Up A Boogie(Nat Cole) - 3:07
Excelsior 7800105/00104 — I'm Lost / Pitchin' Up A Boogie   (1944)
Excelsior 78LC 105/BC 104 — I'm Lost / Pitchin' Up A Boogie   (1944)
Savoy Jazz CDZDS 1205 — Nat King Cole and The King Cole Trio   (1989)
e. AMO-2966 I'm Lost(Otis René) - 3:06
Excelsior 7800105/00104 — I'm Lost / Pitchin' Up A Boogie   (1944)
Excelsior 78LC 105/BC 104 — I'm Lost / Pitchin' Up A Boogie   (1944)
Savoy Jazz CDZDS 1205 — Nat King Cole and The King Cole Trio   (1989)
All titles on:
Resonance LP/CD BoxHLP 9042/HCD 2042 — Hittin' The Ramp: The Early Years (1936-1943)   (2019)

Johnny Miller (v) on a, d; Oscar Moore (v) on a, d.

Location

Ruppli gives Radio Recorders as this session's studio. Though this may be correct, we have gone with MacGregor as that was where the majority of Cole's sessions occurred during this period.

Composers

Most issues, including the original Excelsior discs, credit only Oscar Moore for "Beautiful Moons Ago". However, the tune's copyright registration of December 4, 1942 lists Moore (music) and Cole (words).

While most sources suggest that Cole alone wrote "Pitchin' Up A Boogie", others suggest that he co-wrote it along with Cab Calloway and Buster Harding. ASCAP lists all three.

Similarly, Otis René is often credited as the sole composer of "Let's Spring One". However, Charles Daniels often receives co-credit, as he does on a Parlophone 78 and in Teubig.

Master Numbers

Original Excelsior pressings used the master numbers AMO 2961, 2963, and 2966 ("Beautiful Moons" may well have been AMO 2962). Later pressings replaced the AMO numbers with BC-104 (Boogie), LC-105 (Lost), MC-106 (Moons), and SC-107 (Spring).


Date: Summer 1943
Location: Wallichs Music City, Sunset and Vine Streets, Hollywood
Label: Mercury

Norman Granz (pro), Nat Cole (v), Dexter Gordon (ts), Harry 'Sweets' Edison (t), Red Callender (b), Clifford 'Juicy' Owens (d)

a. 1892 I've Found A New Baby(Jack Palmer, Spencer Williams) - 4:39
Mercury 7815003 — I Found A New Baby / Sweet Lorraine   (1948)
Mercury 788900-12 — I Found A New Baby / Rosetta   (1948)
b. 1893 Rosetta(Earl Hines, Henri Woode) - 5:07
Mercury 788900-12 — I Found A New Baby / Rosetta   (1948)
c. 1894 Sweet Lorraine(Mitchell Parish, Cliff Burwell) - 4:54
Mercury 7815003 — I Found A New Baby / Sweet Lorraine   (1948)
d. 1895 I Blowed And Gone(Harry 'Sweets' Edison) - 4:42
All titles on:
Phoenix Jazz LPLP 5 — Nat Cole Meets The Master Saxes   (1974)
Verve CD521650-2 — Lester Young Trio   (1994)
Hip-O Select CD Box13384-02 — Riffin': The Decca, JATP, Keynote And Mercury Recordings   (2010)
Resonance LP/CD BoxHLP 9042/HCD 2042 — Hittin' The Ramp: The Early Years (1936-1943)   (2019)

Personnel, Date & Location

Most discographies list the bassist as 'probably Red Callender or Johnny Miller'. While Miller was performing with the trio by then, Callender was participating in jam sessions with Cole during this period, which were organized by Norman Granz at the 331 Club. The case, then, could be made for either man.

However, in a 1993 interview with Ed Berger, Harry Edison refers to Red Callender as session bassist. We have therefore elected to go with Callender. In that same interview, Edison placed this session at Wallichs Music City.

The exact date of this session is unknown. Most sources say either the summer of 1943 or the following summer; others suggest late 1943. Cole discographer Klaus Teubig places this session in June or July 1943. The date used in this discography is purely speculative, but likely, given Cole's activities and whereabouts at the time.

Label Credit

Original issues credit the "Dexter Gordon Quintet".

Master Numbers

Master numbers were assigned when some of the sides were released by Mercury in 1948.

Additional Issues

Ruppli's Mercury discography lists 15004 as featuring "I Blowed And Gone / Rosetta", but there is no evidence of that release. Similarly, several sources indicate that Mercury 8900 was also released on Clef.


Date: November 2, 1943
Location: NBC Studios, Radio City West, Hollywood
Label: Premier

Robert Scherman (pro), Nat Cole (v, p), Johnny Miller (v, b), Oscar Moore (v, g)

a. IA-2078 F. S. T. (Fine, Sweet & Tasty)(Nat Cole) - 3:02
Premier 78KC 100 — My Lips Remember Your Kisses / F. S. T (Fine, Sweet & Tasty)    (1944)
Atlas 78KC 100 — My Lips Remember Your Kisses / F. S. T (Fine, Sweet & Tasty)    (1945)
Mosaic LP/CD Box138 — The Complete Capitol Recordings Of The Nat King Cole Trio   (1991)
Naxos Jazz Legends (EU) CD8.120727 — King Cole Trio Transcriptions, Vol. 6: 1941-1943   (2004)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
b. IA-2079 My Lips Remember Your Kisses(Robert Scherman, Ben Siegel, Henry May) - 3:03
Premier 78KC 100 — My Lips Remember Your Kisses / F. S. T (Fine, Sweet & Tasty)    (1944)
Atlas 78KC 100 — My Lips Remember Your Kisses / F. S. T (Fine, Sweet & Tasty)    (1945)
Naxos Jazz Legends (EU) CD8.120727 — King Cole Trio Transcriptions, Vol. 6: 1941-1943   (2004)
c. IA-2079alt My Lips Remember Your Kisses(Robert Scherman, Ben Siegel, Henry May) - 3:05
Mosaic LP/CD Box138 — The Complete Capitol Recordings Of The Nat King Cole Trio   (1991)
d. IA-2080 Got A Penny(Robert Scherman, Henry May) - 2:32
Premier 78KC 102 — Got A Penny   (1944)
Premier 78KC 103/105 — Got A Penny / Let's Pretend   (1944)
Atlas 78KC 106 — Got A Penny / Let's Pretend   (1945)
Mosaic LP/CD Box138 — The Complete Capitol Recordings Of The Nat King Cole Trio   (1991)
Naxos Jazz Legends (EU) CD8.120727 — King Cole Trio Transcriptions, Vol. 6: 1941-1943   (2004)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
e. IA-2081 Let's Pretend(Robert Scherman) - 3:12
Premier 78KC 103/105 — Got A Penny / Let's Pretend   (1944)
Atlas 78KC 106 — Got A Penny / Let's Pretend   (1945)
Mosaic LP/CD Box138 — The Complete Capitol Recordings Of The Nat King Cole Trio   (1991)
Naxos Jazz Legends (EU) CD8.120727 — King Cole Trio Transcriptions, Vol. 6: 1941-1943   (2004)
Universal CD/DVD Box5-359776-7 (EU) — Nat King Cole: His Musical Autobiography   (2015)
All titles on:
Resonance LP/CD BoxHLP 9042/HCD 2042 — Hittin' The Ramp: The Early Years (1936-1943)   (2019)

Robert Scherman (pro) on a-b, d-e; Nat Cole (v) on b, d-e, (p) on a-b, d-e; Johnny Miller (v) on d, (b) on a-b, d-e; Oscar Moore (v) on d, (g) on a-b, d-e.

Location

NBC as the location comes from Teubig, though that cannot be confirmed at this time and should be considered speculative.

Master Numbers

Appearing in the wax of the Premier 78 release, master number 2101 was used for "My Lips Remember Your Kisses" when the records were reissued on Atlas.

Releases

While apparently all sources say that "Got A Penny" and "Let's Pretend" were both on Premier 103, "Let's Pretend" was actually assigned 105, though it was on the flip side of "Penny" (103).

The A-side of Premier release KC 102 is "Don't You Notice Anything New" by Don Swan and His Music.


Sessions Reported: 13

Performances Reported: 54

Unique Songs Reported: 46

Unique Issues Reported: 61